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Our popular course Introduction to QuantLib Development will be taking place June 18-20th, 2018.


Complexity Digest's Blog

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Meaningful Human Control over Autonomous Systems: A Philosophical Account

March 14, 2018 Comments (0)

Debates on lethal autonomous weapon systems have proliferated in the past 5 years. Ethical concerns have been voiced about a possible raise in the number of wrongs and crimes in military operations and about the creation of a “responsibility gap” for harms caused by these systems. To address these concerns, the principle of “meaningful human control” has been introduced in the legal–political debate; according to this principle, humans not computers and their...

Assessing Human Judgment of Computationally Generated Swarming Behavior

March 14, 2018 Comments (0)

Computer-based swarm systems, aiming to replicate the flocking behavior of birds, were first introduced by Reynolds in 1987. In his initial work, Reynolds noted that while it was difficult to quantify the dynamics of the behavior from the model, observers of his model immediately recognized them as a representation of a natural flock. Considerable analysis has been conducted since then on quantifying the dynamics of flocking/swarming behavior. However, no systematic analysis has been conducted...

7th International Young Scientists Conference in Computational Science

March 14, 2018 Comments (0)

University of Crete (UoC), Greece, Foundation for Research and Technology (FORTH), Greece, University of Amsterdam (UvA), the Netherlands and Saint Petersburg National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics (ITMO University), Russian Federation, announce 2018 International Young Scientists Conference for young researchers and professionals in HPC technologies and computer modeling to take place at University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece. The Conference aims to...

Psychophysical Laws and the Superorganism

March 14, 2018 Comments (0)

Through theoretical analysis, we show how a superorganism may react to stimulus variations according to psychophysical laws observed in humans and other animals. We investigate an empirically-motivated honeybee house-hunting model, which describes a value-sensitive decision process over potential nest-sites, at the level of the colony. In this study, we show how colony decision time increases with the number of available nests, in agreement with the Hick-Hyman law of psychophysics, and...

Social norm complexity and past reputations in the evolution of cooperation

March 13, 2018 Comments (0)

Indirect reciprocity is the most elaborate and cognitively demanding1 of all known cooperation mechanisms2, and is the most specifically human1,3 because it involves reputation and status. By helping someone, individuals may increase their reputation, which may change the predisposition of others to help them in future. The revision of an individual’s reputation depends on the social norms that establish what characterizes a good or bad action and thus provide a basis for morality3. Norms...

Turing Lecture: Better living through trusted data – Alex ‘Sandy’ Pentland, MIT Media Lab

March 12, 2018 Comments (0)

Big Data, AI, and social media echo chambers can feel scary, but if harnessed correctly they can dramatically improve our quality of life. The potential for improvement comes first from better scientific understanding of our human minds and bodies, and second from a more open and shared understanding of society, government, and our day-to-day lives. The key to achieving these positive results is aggressive pursuit of a new, broad science of human life to unify the traditional and narrow...

Strategic Analytics | NECSI

March 12, 2018 Comments (0)

This seminar is for anyone who wants to understand risk, opportunity and strategy in the real world, especially key decision makers and those who advise them: executives, senior managers, government policy makers, public administrators, management consultants, organizational development professionals and business educators.   A five day certificate program coveringComplexity and AnalyticsRisk and OpportunityImplications for Strategy   Featured Presenters:Nassim Nicholas Taleb Yaneer...

The science of fake news

March 11, 2018 Comments (0)

The rise of fake news highlights the erosion of long-standing institutional bulwarks against misinformation in the internet age. Concern over the problem is global. However, much remains unknown regarding the vulnerabilities of individuals, institutions, and society to manipulations by malicious actors. A new system of safeguards is needed. Below, we discuss extant social and computer science research regarding belief in fake news and the mechanisms by which it spreads. Fake news has a long...

The spread of true and false news online

March 10, 2018 Comments (0)

We investigated the differential diffusion of all of the verified true and false news stories distributed on Twitter from 2006 to 2017. The data comprise ~126,000 stories tweeted by ~3 million people more than 4.5 million times. We classified news as true or false using information from six independent fact-checking organizations that exhibited 95 to 98% agreement on the classifications. Falsehood diffused significantly farther, faster, deeper, and more broadly than the truth in all categories...

Inheritance Is Moving Beyond Genetics and Epigenetics

March 10, 2018 Comments (0)

The idea that genes encode all the heritable features of living things has been a fundamental tenet of genetics and evolutionary biology for many years, but this assumption has always coexisted uncomfortably with the messy findings of empirical research. The complications have multiplied exponentially in recent years under the weight of new discoveries. Source: nautil.us