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Complexity Digest's Blog

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Complexity: Science, Engineering or a State of Mind? Towards a Scientific Renaissance

July 14, 2019 Comments (0)

Is complexity a Science? Is it a possibly useful new way of engineering? In this video narrated by Maxi San Miguel it will be argued that Complexity is a new way of thinking necessary for a scientific renaissance that can transform society. Source: www.youtube.com

Complexity in Medical Informatics

July 12, 2019 Comments (0)

The topics of the accepted articles include but are not limited to the following: machine and deep learning approaches for health data; data mining and knowledge discovery in healthcare; clinical decision support systems; applications of the genetic algorithm in disease screening, diagnosis, and treatment planning; neurofuzzy system based on genetic algorithm for medical diagnosis and therapy support systems; applications of AI in healthcare; applications of artificial neural networks in...

Historical comparison of gender inequality in scientific careers across countries and disciplines

July 12, 2019 Comments (0)

There is extensive, yet fragmented, evidence of gender differences in academia suggesting that women are under-represented in most scientific disciplines, publish fewer articles throughout a career, and their work acquires fewer citations. Here, we offer a comprehensive picture of longitudinal gender discrepancies in performance through a bibliometric analysis of academic careers by reconstructing the complete publication history of over 1.5 million gender-identified authors whose publishing...

Embodied robots driven by self-organized environmental feedback

July 11, 2019 Comments (0)

Which kind of complex behavior may arise from self-organizing principles? We investigate this question for the case of snake-like robots composed of passively coupled segments, with every segment containing two wheels actuated separately by a single neuron. The robot is self-organized both on the level of the individual wheels and with respect to inter-wheel coordination, which arises exclusively from the mechanical coupling of the individual wheels and segments. For the individual wheel, the...

The Internet and your inner English tea merchant | Taha Yasseri | TEDxThessaloniki

July 11, 2019 Comments (0)

The Internet is a totally internet phenomenon. In this talk, Dr Taha Yasseri gives answers to burning internet questions. Are users biased like an English tea merchant? Why do we care more about some events and not about others? And for how long do we care? He presents research findings on collective memory on the internet, as well as on the threshold of death toll that attracts our attention and empathy when it comes to social media. Although the interned is constantly criticized as being a...

Alternative Approaches to Economic Theory: Complexity, Post Keynesian and Ecological Economics. Edited By Victor A. Beker

July 10, 2019 Comments (0)

The 2007–2008 financial crisis exposed the shortcomings of mainstream economic theory with economists unprepared to deal with it. In the face of this, a major rethinking of economics seems necessary and in presenting alternative approaches to economic theory, this book contributes to the rebuilding of the discipline. This volume brings together contributions from different perspectives and theoretical approaches that address the challenge of updating the economic theory corpus and seek to...

A free energy principle for a particular physics

July 10, 2019 Comments (0)

This monograph attempts a theory of every ‘thing’ that can be distinguished from other things in a statistical sense. The ensuing statistical independencies, mediated by Markov blankets, speak to a recursive composition of ensembles (of things) at increasingly higher spatiotemporal scales. This decomposition provides a description of small things; e.g., quantum mechanics – via the Schrodinger equation, ensembles of small things – via statistical mechanics and related...

Element-centric clustering comparison unifies overlaps and hierarchy

July 10, 2019 Comments (0)

Clustering is one of the most universal approaches for understanding complex data. A pivotal aspect of clustering analysis is quantitatively comparing clusterings; clustering comparison is the basis for many tasks such as clustering evaluation, consensus clustering, and tracking the temporal evolution of clusters. In particular, the extrinsic evaluation of clustering methods requires comparing the uncovered clusterings to planted clusterings or known metadata. Yet, as we demonstrate, existing...

Special Issue: Information Theory for Human and Social Processes

July 8, 2019 Comments (0)

Shannon famously applied his “mathematical theory of communication” to human communication, alledgedly having his wife, Betty, estimating word probabilities to calcualte the first approximation of the entropy of English. The following decades have seen creative further applications to humans and social processes (e.g., Miller, 1956; Attneave, 1959; Coleman, 1975; Ellis and Fisher, 1975; Cappella, 1979). These efforts lost steam in the 1980s, mainly because of the lack of adequate data, and...

Complexity Explained

June 29, 2019 Comments (0)

Complexity science, also called complex systems science, studies how a large collection of components – locally interacting with each other at small scales – can spontaneously self-organize to exhibit non-trivial global structures and behaviors at larger scales, often without external intervention, central authorities or leaders. The properties of the collection may not be understood or predicted from the full knowledge of its constituents alone. Such a collection is called a complex system and...