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Complexity Digest's Blog

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Rational Choice, Context Dependence, and the Value of Information in European Starlings (Sturnus vulgaris)

November 25, 2011 Comments (0)

Both human and nonhuman decision-makers can deviate from optimal choice by making context-dependent choices. Because ignoring context information can be beneficial, this is called a “less-is-more effect.” The fact that organisms are so sensitive to the context is thus paradoxical and calls for the inclusion of an ecological perspective. In an experiment with starlings, adding cues that...
Science

Collective Animal Behavior from Bayesian Estimation and Probability Matching

November 25, 2011 Comments (0)

Animals need to act on uncertain data and with limited cognitive abilities to survive. It is well known that our sensory and sensorimotor processing uses probabilistic estimation as a means to counteract these limitations. Indeed, the way animals learn, forage or select mates is well explained by probabilistic estimation. Social animals have an interesting new opportunity since the behavior of...
PLoS Comput Biol

Memristive excitable cellular automata

November 25, 2011 Comments (0)

The memristor is a device whose resistance changes depending on the polarity and magnitude of a voltage applied to the device's terminals. We design a minimalistic model of a regular network of memristors using structurally-dynamic cellular...
arXiv

The Price of Fish: A New Approach to Wicked Economics and Better Decisions

November 25, 2011 Comments (0)

The world is faced with a series of vicious and apparently insurmountable difficulties, chief among them unstable financial markets, rapidly diminishing resources and an eco-system that is becoming dangerously volatile. This book examines in a unique way the world s most abiding and wicked problems, all of which are characterized by a set of messy, circular, aggressive and peculiarly...
Nicholas Brealey Publishing

Who's in Charge?: Free Will and the Science of the Brain

November 25, 2011 Comments (0)

The father of cognitive neuroscience offers a provocative argument against the common belief that our lives are wholly determined by physical processes and we are therefore not responsible for our actions. Neuroscientist Michael S. Gazzaniga in this provocative book based on his Gifford Lectures, proposes that the mind, which is somehow generated by the physical processes of the brain,...
Ecco

Language and Music as Cognitive Systems

November 25, 2011 Comments (0)

The past 15 years have witnessed an increasing interest in the comparative study of language and music as cognitive systems. Language and music are uniquely human traits, so it is not surprising that this interest spans practically all branches of cognitive science, including psychology, computer science, linguistics, cognitive neuroscience, and education. Underlying the study of language...
Oxford University Press

Brilliant Mistakes: Finding Success on the Far Side of Failure

November 25, 2011 Comments (0)

If you have ever flown in an airplane, used electricity from a nuclear power plant, or taken an antibiotic, you have benefited from a brilliant mistake. Each of these life-changing innovations was the result of many missteps and an occasional brilliant insight that turned a mistake into a surprising portal of discovery. This book shares critical insights on the surprising benefits of...
Wharton Digital Press

Bioinformatics for Biologists

November 25, 2011 Comments (0)

The computational education of biologists is changing to prepare students for facing the complex datasets of today's life science research. In this concise textbook, the authors' fresh pedagogical approaches lead biology students from first principles towards computational thinking. A team of renowned bioinformaticians take innovative routes to introduce computational ideas in the context...
Cambridge University Press

Computational Complexity: Theory, Techniques, and Applications

November 25, 2011 Comments (0)

Complex systems are systems that comprise many interacting parts with the ability to generate a new quality of collective behavior through self-organization, e.g. the spontaneous formation of temporal, spatial or functional structures. This book presents a detailed and integrated view of the theoretical basis, computational methods, and state-of-the-art approaches to investigating and...
Springer

Event Announcements

November 25, 2011 Comments (0)

The Dynamics of Disease, Workshop in Medical Systems Biology, Manchester, UK, 2011/11/28-12/02 Network Frontier Workshop 2011, Evanston, IL, USA, 2011/12/01-02 New England Complex Systems Institute Winter School, Cambridge, MA, USA, 2012/01/02-13 41th Winter Meeting on Statistical Physics, Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico, 2012/01/3-6 VI Congreso Bienal Internacional Complejidad 2012,...