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Publication Name: Knowing and Making

Brief description: A blog about cognitive and behavioural economics. Building mathematical models of how psychology influences economic systems.

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Owner Name: Leigh Caldwell

Joined: August 20th, 2011


Knowing and Making wrote a new blog post titled Book review: The Choice Factory by Richard Shotton

There are few truly universal books on behavioural science: like most of the others, this one has a particular reader in mind. Richard's reader works in advertising, and it must be a rare advertising executive who still hasn't heard of behavioural economics. Richard therefore heads straight into the meat of the book with little beating around the rational-agent bush. A couple of connected anecdotes start us off and we quickly get to the first of 25 chapters, each on a single bias, that make up...
(13 days ago)

Knowing and Making wrote a new blog post titled A program for cognitive economics

I’m visiting the American Economics Association conference in Philadelphia this weekend and looking forward to catching up with the latest in theoretical and empirical research. Behavioural economics has received another endorsement this year with Richard Thaler’s receipt of the Nobel Prize. The behavioural field still has only a small minority of the conference’s papers, but many more than a few years ago. It finally feels like an accepted part of the broader field. Echoes of a new discipline...
(78 days ago)

Knowing and Making wrote a new blog post titled The amoeba and the squirrel

[An essay written for the Internet Review, a one-off maybe-to-become-annual publication documenting (and celebrating?) Internet trends] Every human has two minds: one like an amoeba and one like a squirrel. The amoeba mind is reactive, emotional, intuitive. It decides immediately, without planning or consideration. It is Freud’s “id”, or the System One of behavioral economics: the amoeba is your unconscious. Your squirrel mind plans, trades off immediate pleasures for future gain, is capable...
(308 days ago)


This blog is about cognitive and behavioural economics. It discusses their impact on economic theory, and how to apply them in business, especially in pricing and marketing. It also explores how our perceptions and mental models affect the macroeconomy.

It is written by Leigh Caldwell (email me at

My other blog is Pricing Revolution, specifically around innovative pricing models and advice on how businesses can set their prices.

As well as writing this blog, I am chief executive of Inon Pricing Advisers - which uses behavioural economics and psychology research to help companies charge the right prices for their products. Please click through to find out more.

I am also founder of think tank Intellectual Business which publishes research and policy papers on how ideas from economics can be used in business and in the public sector.