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The economic impact of universities: Evidence from across the globe

August 23, 2019 Comments (0)

•Using international data on universities we study their impact on regional growth. •Increases in universities are positively and robustly associated with higher growth. •This effect spills over into neighbouring regions within the same country. •Increasing regional human capital and innovation matter help mediate this effect. •The economic benefits of university expansion are likely to exceed the costs.   The economic impact of universities: Evidence from across the globe Anna Valero, John Van...

How to Defraud Democracy

August 21, 2019 Comments (0)

There are still major cybersecurity vulnerabilities facing the 2020 U.S. presidential election, in part because the election system is based on faith instead of evidence. Foreign attackers could target voter-registration rolls and election machinery to either influence the outcome or sow chaos and doubt. The worst-case scenarios could result in an unprecedented constitutional crisis. Source: www.scientificamerican.com

Settlement percolation: A study of building connectivity and poles of inaccessibility

August 20, 2019 Comments (0)

•Spatial clustering is applied to coordinates of the building stock in Germany. •We determine the percolation distance at which a country spanning cluster emerges. •The top five largest holes in that mesh are or were military training areas. •The building density decreases with the clustering threshold following a power-law with an exponent close to 0.75. •The overbuilding is a phenomenon that is beyond the dichotomy of sprawled and compact urban development.   Settlement percolation: A study...

Sandy Pentland: The benefits of social physics – BBC Ideas

August 19, 2019 Comments (0)

MIT’s Alex ‘Sandy’ Pentland explains ‘social physics’ – the analysis of human interactions to improve communities. Source: www.bbc.com

Scientists must rise above politics — and restate their value to society

August 17, 2019 Comments (0)

Scholars globally are feeling the heat from politicians. They should take inspiration from scientists in the 1950s who raised the alarm over nuclear weapons. Source: www.nature.com

How Much Would You Pay to Change a Game before Playing It?

August 16, 2019 Comments (0)

Envelope theorems provide a differential framework for determining how much a rational decision maker (DM) is willing to pay to alter the parameters of a strategic scenario. We generalize this framework to the case of a boundedly rational DM and arbitrary solution concepts. We focus on comparing and contrasting the case where DM’s decision to pay to change the parameters is observed by all other players against the case where DM’s decision is private information. We decompose DM’s willingness...

Connecting empirical phenomena and theoretical models of biological coordination across scales

August 14, 2019 Comments (0)

Coordination in living systems—from cells to people—must be understood at multiple levels of description. Analyses and modelling of empirically observed patterns of biological coordination often focus either on ensemble-level statistics in large-scale systems with many components, or on detailed dynamics in small-scale systems with few components. The two approaches have proceeded largely independent of each other. To bridge this gap between levels and scales, we have recently conducted a human...

PHD/Postdoc Openings at Cross Labs

August 14, 2019 Comments (0)

OUR MISSIONCross Labs’ mission is to bridge between intelligence science and AI technology at the service of human society. At Cross Labs, we focus on pushing fundamental research towards a thorough mathematical understanding of all intelligent processes observable both in nature and in artificial environments. POSITIONTo reach our goals, we are seeking ambitious, highly-skilled researchers to solve open problems on both natural and artificial intelligence fronts. Our current research...

Computational Human Dynamics

August 11, 2019 Comments (0)

This thesis summarises my scientific contributions in the domain of network science, human dynamics and computational social science. These contributions are associated to computer science, physics, statistics, and applied mathematics. The goal of this thesis is twofold, on one hand to write a concise summary of my most interesting scientific contributions, and on the other hand to provide an up-to-date view and perspective about my field. I start my dissertation with an introduction to...

Global labor flow network reveals the hierarchical organization and dynamics of geo-industrial clusters

August 11, 2019 Comments (0)

Groups of firms often achieve a competitive advantage through the formation of geo-industrial clusters. Although many exemplary clusters are the subjects of case studies, systematic approaches to identify and analyze the hierarchical structure of geo-industrial clusters at the global scale are scarce. In this work, we use LinkedIn’s employment history data from more than 500 million users over 25 years to construct a labor flow network of over 4 million firms across the world, from which we...