The Tokenisation of Assets and Potential Implications for Financial Markets - OECD Report Jan 22 2020 09:08 languageMoneyScience
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The tokenisation of assets involves the digital representation of real (physical) assets on distributed ledgers, or the issuance of traditional asset classes in tokenised form. Asset tokenisation has become one of the most prominent use-cases of distributed ledger technologies (DLTs) in financial markets, for assets including securities (e.g. stocks and bonds), commodities (e.g. gold) and other non-financial assets (e.g. real estate), and with potential cross-cutting implications for financial market practices and participants, market infrastructure and regulators across a large range of financial instruments and asset classes. This report:
examines the benefits of asset tokenisation and the challenges to its wider adoption
analyses the potential disruptive effect on trading, liquidity, pricing, clearing and settlement
highlights the increased importance of a trusted and credible central authority in a tokenised environment (such as a custodian)
sheds light to the possible necessity for a tokenised form of central bank digital currency or stablecoin for the payment leg of security settlement on DLT-based trading venues
discusses the policy implications of tokenisation for financial markets.
This report analyses the impact that wide-spread adoption of tokenisation could have, discusses emerging opportunities and risks of the application of DLTs for financial markets and their participants, illustrated with case studies in OECD and non-OECD economies.