Computational Models That Matter During a Global Pandemic Outbreak: A Call to Action Apr 02 2020 10:46 languageMoneyScience
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Flaminio Squazzoni , J. Gareth Polhill , Bruce Edmonds , Petra Ahrweiler , Patrycja Antosz , Geeske Scholz , Émile Chappin , Melania Borit , Harko Verhagen , Francesca Giardini and Nigel Gilbert
Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation 23 (2) 10
The COVID-19 pandemic is causing a dramatic loss of lives worldwide, challenging the sustainability of our health care systems, threatening economic meltdown, and putting pressure on the mental health of individuals (due to social distancing and lock-down measures). The pandemic is also posing severe challenges to the scientific community, with scholars under pressure to respond to policymakers’ demands for advice despite the absence of adequate, trusted data. Understanding the pandemic requires fine-grained data representing specific local conditions and the social reactions of individuals. While experts have built simulation models to estimate disease trajectories that may be enough to guide decision-makers to formulate policy measures to limit the epidemic, they do not cover the full behavioural and social complexity of societies under pandemic crisis. Modelling that has such a large potential impact upon people’s lives is a great responsibility. This paper calls on the scientific community to improve the transparency, access, and rigour of their models. It also calls on stakeholders to improve the rapidity with which data from trusted sources are released to the community (in a fully responsible manner). Responding to the pandemic is a stress test of our collaborative capacity and the social/economic value of research.